Geneand cell-based therapy of muscle system hereditary disorders: state-of-art

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Genetic disorders primarily affecting skeletal muscles can be caused by dysfunction of more than 30 genes. To date there is no effective etiotropic and pathogenetic treatment of such disorders. Investigators focus on search for new therapeutic agents based on gene and cell technologies, small molecules as well. There are numerous preclinical and several dozens of clinical studies in the world. Unfortunately tested technologies did not lead to significant advance in treatment of patients with such disorders. At the same time resulting data allow to determine the most feasible directions of future development - combining of genome correction methods with cell delivery of corrected genome to skeletal muscles. This review is intended to give general information about etiology of skeletal muscles genetic disorders, the main directions of biotechnological development and results of the clinical studies.

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About the authors

R. V Deev

Human Stem Cell Institute; Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University

Moscow,Kazan, Russia

M. O Mavlikeev

Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University

Kazan, Russia

I. Ya Bozo

Human Stem Cell Institute; A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry

Moscow, Russia

A. A Pulin

A.I. Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center

Moscow, Russia

I. I Eremin

A.I. Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center

Moscow, Russia


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