Halloysite nanotubes is a promising biocompatible material for «smart» composites with encapsulation of biologically active substances

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Halloysite clay mineral is found in kaolin deposits and is a multilayered nanotube with external diameter of 50 nm inner diameter 15 nm and length1-2 micron. Halloysite is a rolled kaolin and it has found applications in fine porcelain, polymeric composites, tissue engineering, antimicrobial coatings and in cosmetics. Halloysite is also applied as microvesicles to carry drugs and enzymes. It is used as an additive to improve the mechanical strength of polymers. Halloysite is non-toxic to living organisms and the environmentally safe. This review summarizes recent data on the structure of halloysite and its applications.

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About the authors

E. V Rozhina

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

A. A Danilushkina

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

EA. A Naumenko

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

U. M Lvov

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University; Microgeneration Institute, Technical University of Louisiana

R. F Fahrullin

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University


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