Myogenic satellite cells are a cambial reserve of muscle tissue

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Abstract

The review deals with cell sources of histogenesis and regeneration of striated skeletal muscle tissue. Heterogeneity of cambial cells of this tissue as well as an important role of their microenvironment to provide their activation, proliferation, differentiation and specialization is displayed. Issues of myogenic satellite cells cytogenesis within the embryonic and postnatal development are discussed. The data on molecular markers of myosatellitocytes and some other tissue components are provided. Issues of non-myogenic sources of skeletal muscle tissue histogenesis are discussed. The significance of studying a cambial cell reserve for the development of effective treatment modalities of muscular dystrophy is emphasized. An experimental material should be analyzed with consideration of the fundamental theoretical concepts on the regularities of histogenesis, cell differons, the theory of stem cell.

About the authors

I. A Odintsova

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

M. N Chepurnenko

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

A. S Komarova

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

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